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Forschungsprojekte - Dr. Priyanka Parvathi

Status of markets for organic and fair trade commodities in agriculture and its impact for developing countries: A meta-analysis

Organic and fair trade certified commodities catering for niche markets are growing rapidly. The global size of the organic produce market has increased threefold in the last ten years and was valued at US$ 59 billion in 2010. The global sales of fair trade produce amounted to US$ 6.6 billion in 2012. These expanding markets and growing sales indicate sustained and increasing consumer demand for certified commodities. Although at the forefront of debates on sustainability, this topic is underrated in scientific analysis. Environmentally sound and more equitable certification systems are suggested to offer benefits for small-scale farmers and the society at large. This topic thus merits assessing if it is technically and economically feasible to meet these growing consumer demands of food safety, quality and ethics, specially by smallholder and marginal producers. Therefore, although there are studies on eco-labeling aspects perhaps it is still pertinent to study these certification systems as emerging areas in agricultural research and development.

So far research has treated the two systems separately and little is known on whether adopting both systems in combination is more beneficial for small-scale farmers in developing countries. Also it needs to be explored if consumers are willing to pay more for a product that is both organic and fair trade certified.

But the question remains if adopting both these certification systems together can contribute to the agricultural and socio-economic development of smallholder producers in developing countries. Hence, this book contributes to these arguments and fills the gap in the literature by pursuing the twofold aim, namely a) to assess the welfare impacts of either systems or of both systems in combination on smallholders in developing countries and b) to examine the willingness to pay for such certified produce by the consumers in the developed world.

 

Assessing the Potential of Fair Organic Certified Products for Sustainable Livelihoods in Developing Countries - The case of Black Pepper in India

- completed -

The international organic agriculture and fair trade are challenging the practices and the markets of conventional agriculture. Where organic agriculture stresses on the methods of production fair trade focuses on marketing and trade. By targeting environmental, health, social and economic aspects they have captured the attention of the consumers and the producers alike. In spite of the increase in consumer demand for these products, the success of these movements will be determined by its contribution to the economic progress of producers in the developing countries. This study understands the factors that influence a small scale farmer to adopt organic farming under fair trade regimes and how this contributes in creating a sustainable livelihood strategy that makes a farm household less vulnerable to poverty.